Q. 2

Here are some commonly used medical terms. Find out their meanings.

CT scan, MRI, Tomography, Autopsy

Dialysis, ECG, Post mortem

Angiography, Biopsy

Answer :

CT scan- They are special x-ray tests that produce cross-sectional images of the body using X-rays and a computer.

MRI- Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a diagnostic technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce a detailed image of the bod’s soft tissue and bones.


Tomography- It refers to imaging by sections or sectioning through the use of any kind of penetrating wave. It is used in radiology, archeology, and other areas of science.


Autopsy- It is a surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death of death or evaluate an injury for research purposes.


Dialysis- It is the process of removing excess water, toxins from the blood in those whose kidneys have lost the ability to perform these functions in a natural way.


ECG- The electrocardiogram or ECG is a diagnostic tool that is used to assess the electrical and muscular functions of the heart.


Post Mortem- An analysis or examination of a corpse held soon after death to determine its cause.


Angiography- It is an imaging tool used to visualize the inside of blood vessels and organs of the body particularly arteries, veins and heart chambers.


Biopsy- It is a medical test performed by surgeons, radiologist or cardiologist to extract sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence and extent of a disease.


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