Answer :

1. People tend to shift to cities from villages because of lack of work in the rural areas. Urban areas have greater employment opportunities than the villages. Most of the migrants are landless laborers or small farmers who need to constantly search for work when they do not get work in the agricultural sector.

2. (i) Those men who are employed in rural area might be working as household servants in the house od big Zamindaars.

(ii) They might be working as farm labourers.

(iii) In Delhi and other big cities they may be:

(a) Working in small factories.

(b) Working in hotels, grocery stores or garment stores etc.

(c) Rickshaw pulling.

(d) Helping the plumbers, electricians etc.

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