Answer :

i. Ethanal


Explanation: For an aldehyde, we have to add the suffix “—al”. Thus, IUPAC name of an aldehyde derived from ethane will be ethanal.


ii. Butanone


Explanation: For a ketone, we have to add the suffix “—one”. Thus, IUPAC name of a ketone derived from butane will be butanone.


iii. Chlropropane


Explanation: For a chloride, we have to add the prefix “chloro-”. Thus, IUPAC name of a chloride derived from propane will be chlropropane.


iv. Pentanol


Explanation: For an alcohol, we have to add the suffix “—ol”. Thus, IUPAC name of a ketone derived from butane will be butanone.


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