Give the benefits of pipeline transportation.
Pipeline transportation is a new initiative in the transportation network. In the initial stage, they were used to transport water to cities and industries. Today, these are also used for the transportation of crude oil, petroleum products, and natural gas. Solids are also transported through a pipeline by converting it into a slurry. Even though the initial cost of laying pipelines is high, it has many advantages. Some of them are:
• Large volumes- Large volumes of commodities can be transferred through pipeline uninterruptedly. Without any delays or problems, large volumes can be transported from one place to another.
• Safe and reliable- The transportation of inflammable like oil and gas can be done more safely through pipelines. It is safer and also reduces problems like leakage and pollution.
• Terrains- Pipelines transportation can be laid down in most difficult terrains. It can cover mountains, hills, deserts, and rivers. Thus it helps in the effective delivery of commodities.
• Low cost- The occurrences of leakage and spilling is very less while transporting commodities by pipelines. It also reduces the cost of transportation even though the initial cost incurred is high.
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