Q. 45.0( 1 Vote )
(a) ● During the First World War, there was a terrific rise in the prices of daily necessities.
● Even during such a crisis, the mill owners did not increase the wages of the mill workers who were employed in their mills.
● So, the rising prices and low wages led to the discontent among the mill workers in Ahmedabad.
● Thereafter Gandhi led these workers in their strike and undertook a fast. The mill owners finally increased the wages.
(b) ● The resolution for the Non-Cooperation movement was passed at the 1920 Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress.
● Under the non-cooperation movement, government-run establishments like schools, colleges, offices and law courts were boycotted, and also foreign clothes and merchandise were burnt.
● In response to the movement, the British government imposed further suppression on a larger scale.
● The police fired at a peaceful procession at Chauri Choura in the Gorakhpur District of Uttar Pradesh.
● In enrage, the mob set fire to a police station. Twenty-two policemen including one officer were killed in the fire.
● So, as the movement took on a violent turn, Gandhiji suspended it on 22nd February 1922.
(c) ● There was a lot of discontent among the Indian people after the British government introduced the reforms under the Montague-Chelmsford Act of 1919.
● So, the British government appointed a commission chaired by Sir Simon in 1927 to visit India and check into the matters pertaining to the discontent.
● However, this commission did not have a single Indian member.
● Therefore, the Indians boycotted the Simon Commission.
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