Q. 45.0( 1 Vote )

Give Reason.

Answer :

(a) ● During the First World War, there was a terrific rise in the prices of daily necessities.

● Even during such a crisis, the mill owners did not increase the wages of the mill workers who were employed in their mills.

● So, the rising prices and low wages led to the discontent among the mill workers in Ahmedabad.

● Thereafter Gandhi led these workers in their strike and undertook a fast. The mill owners finally increased the wages.

(b) ● The resolution for the Non-Cooperation movement was passed at the 1920 Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress.

● Under the non-cooperation movement, government-run establishments like schools, colleges, offices and law courts were boycotted, and also foreign clothes and merchandise were burnt.

● In response to the movement, the British government imposed further suppression on a larger scale.

● The police fired at a peaceful procession at Chauri Choura in the Gorakhpur District of Uttar Pradesh.

● In enrage, the mob set fire to a police station. Twenty-two policemen including one officer were killed in the fire.

● So, as the movement took on a violent turn, Gandhiji suspended it on 22nd February 1922.

(c) ● There was a lot of discontent among the Indian people after the British government introduced the reforms under the Montague-Chelmsford Act of 1919.

● So, the British government appointed a commission chaired by Sir Simon in 1927 to visit India and check into the matters pertaining to the discontent.

● However, this commission did not have a single Indian member.

● Therefore, the Indians boycotted the Simon Commission.

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