Q. 45.0( 1 Vote )

Give Reason.

Answer :

1. The British always want to create a wide gap between the Hindus and Muslims in order to consolidate their position.

2. In this process of British started favoured the upper-class Muslims to keep away from the national movement.

3. In 1906, Aga Khan and Nawab Salim Ullah Khan formed the All India Muslim League supported by viceroy Minto.

4. The first objective is to safe guard the political and other rights of Indian Muslims.

5.The second major objective is to create a feeling of loyalty among Indian Muslims towards the British rulers.

(b) 1. The Congress party was initially dominated by people who believe in pray and petitions method peacefully called as moderates till 1905.

2. Popular leaders among Gopala Krishna Gokhale, Feroz Shah Mehta, Dadabhai Naoroji..etc.

3. Moderates mostly believed in Constitutional methods.

4. Extremists believe in passive resistance.

5. Extremists want to take national movement largely into the public and awaken the masses politically.

6. By this the ways of approach in the struggle are completely different this resulted in conflict between Moderates and Extremists.

7. The Congress had its session at Surat in 1907, Moderates wanted to bypass the resolution on Swadeshi and Boycott movement. On the other hand, Extremists wanted to get out of the influence of Moderates.

8. Both the parties could not come on any one point of the agreement resulted in Split of the Congress party into two groups.

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