Answer :

The Northern Plains of India is formed by the alluvium deposit brought by the rivers four million years ago. The major rivers of northern plains are:
  1. The Indus
  2. The Ganga
  3. The Brahmaputra

Northern plain of India covers around 7 lakh sq. Km of the area and it is 2400 km long and 240 to 320 km broad.

Northern Plains are divided into three parts:-

I. The Punjab Plains- River Indus and its tributaries form these Punjab plains. The principal rivers of this region are the Indus, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas and the Satluj. The major part of Punjab plains lies in Pakistan.

II. The Ganga Plains- The Ganga plains expands in the states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and parts of Jharkhand and West Bengal. This part of Northern Plains lies in the middle of the river Teesta and the river Ghaggar.
The Ganga river is regarded as one of the most important river in Indian sub-continent because of religious reasons. People worship this river and many holy places like Haridwar, Varanasi, etc. are located on the banks of this river.

III. The Brahmaputra Plains- These plains lies north-eastern parts of India and formed by the Brahmaputra river.

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