Q. 144.5( 2 Votes )
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The four major iron ore belts are:-
(i) Odisha-Jharkhand Belt:
In Odisha, high-grade haematite ore is found in Badampahar mines in the Mayurbhanj and Kendujhar districts. In the adjoining Singhbhum district of Jharkhand; haematite iron ore is mined in Gua and Noamundi.
It lies in Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra. Very high-grade haematite is found in the famous Bailadila range of hills in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. Iron ore from these mines is exported to Japan, South Korea via the Vishakhapatnam port.
Tumkur belt in Karnataka has large reserves of iron ore. The Kudermukh mines located in the western ghats of Karnataka are a 100 percent export unit. Kudermukh deposits are known to be one of the largest in the world.
(iv) Maharashtra - Goa belt:
It includes the state of Goa, and Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. Though the ores are not of very high quality, yet they are efficiently exploited. Iron ore is exported through the Marmagao port.
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