Answer :

India's demographic profile during colonial period can be summarised as below –

1) High death rate and birth rate: Both death date and birth rate were very high at 40 and 48 per thousand of persons respectively.


2) High infant mortality rate: It was about 18 per thousand of live births.


3) Low life expectancy: It was as low as 32 years.


4) Illiteracy: It was about 83% of total population.


5) Low standard of living: Even after spending 80 to 90% of income on basic necessities people were not able to get adequate quantity of food, shelter and clothing.


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