Q. 50

Give a brief desc

Answer :

The French revolution started in 1789 and continued till 1799. To maintain the expenses of an army, court, government offices and universities, the French government imposed taxes. The taxes were only imposed on the third estate which includes – peasants, servants, lawyers, artisans, etc. whereas First and the second estate – clergy and nobles controlled the social and the economic power in the French society. An extreme situation where the basic means of livelihood occurred called subsistence crisis in France. Increase in Population, high prices and low wages worsened the situation.

Louis XVI wanted to increase the taxes to meet the expenses of the state. So to decide about the new taxes, the king called the meeting of the assembly of the estate general in a resplendent hall in Versailles. Each estate had the one vote, but the third estate demanded that each member should have one vote. This demand was clearly rejected by the Louis XVI.

So the constitution of 1791 was formed, the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen was announced. It gave certain rights such as - Right to life, Freedom of speech, Freedom of opinion and equality before the law which was the greatest legacy of the French revolution.

The women in French society were not given much importance. Women worked hard to earn for their livelihood especially the women of the third estate. Even the constitution of 1791 didn’t provide any rights to women. So they demanded Right to Vote and express their desire to hold political office. Around sixty such clubs were started by women. Famous women clubs emerged were – The Society of Revolutionary and The Republican Women. They wanted equal political rights, so they continued their revolution. Equal wage and Right to vote was their demand which the achieved in 1946 after so much struggle. They were granted Right to Vote in France in 1946.

Finally, in 1804, after the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte became the Emperor of France.

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