Q. 14.0( 5 Votes )

Give 5 merits and demerits of commercialization of agriculture.

Answer :

During the time of rule, the British government encouraged the production of cash crops to get financial gain and to use India as a producer of raw material. These crops were produced to sell in the markets and not for consumption. Example – tea, coffee, tobacco, jute, etc.


Merits of commercialization of agriculture are –


Increase in the production of cash crops in some countries.


This led to the economic development of the country.


Britishers earned profit from this by selling cash crops in the market at high rates.


It served as a raw material for the British countries.


Commercialization of agriculture helped them to earn profit from the agriculture sector of India which engages more than 50 percent of the population.


Demerits of commercialization of agriculture are –


The cash crops which were produced were used by the British industries only.


Cash crops were produced instead of food crops; this didn’t benefit the farmers.


It didn’t improve the economic condition of the farmers.


Britishers through the commercialization of agriculture fully exploited India.


Continuous harvesting of cash crops led to the reduction in the fertility of the land. Thus, farmers were not able to grow food crops.


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