Answer :

1. Gandhiji strongly believed that non-violence was the most powerful weapon in the struggle against injustice. He believed that the dharma of non-violence could help in uniting all the Indians.

2. Mahatma Gandhi initially was successful in launching Satyagraha movements amongst the peasants of Champaran in Bihar in 1916. In 1917, he organised a Satyagraha to support the peasants of the Kheda district of Gujarat and in 1918, he organised a Satyagraha movement amongst the cotton mill workers of Ahmedabad.

3. Satyagraha, as a medium of protest, was carried forward by Mahatma Gandhi in launching nationwide struggle against the Rowlatt Act, protests that followed the Non-cooperation movement as well as the Civil Disobedience Movement.

NOTE – The basic concept of Satyagraha was non-violence. Gandhiji believed that non-violence could help in winning a battle against injustice by appealing to the conscience of the oppressor. He believed that people (including the oppressors) had to be persuaded to see the truth, instead of forcing them to accept the truth through violent methods. In this process, he believed that truth was ultimately bound to win.

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