• In the viewpoint of thermodynamics, Equilibrium can be explained by the following mathematical equation
∆G = ∆G⊖ + RTlnQ which comes down to ∆G = ∆G⊖ + RTlnK and then to
∆G⊖ = - RTlnK (as at Equilibrium ∆G is zero and Kc is = Q )
And k = e-∆G⊖ /RT (by taking antilog on both sides)
therefore, when ∆G⊖ > 0, which means positive, it will give a negative K value
( eG⊖ /RT attains a negative value for a positive ∆G⊖ ) and hence K < 1.
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