Q. 75.0( 2 Votes )

Following operations can be performed on a capacitor:

X – connect the capacitor to a battery of emf ϵ.

Y – disconnect the battery.

Z – reconnect the battery with polarity reversed.

W – insert a dielectric slab in the capacitor

A. In XYZ perform X, then Y, then Z) the stored electric energy remains unchanged and no thermal energy is developed.

B. The charge appearing on the capacitor is greater after the action XWY than after the action XYW.

C. The electric energy stored in the capacitor is greater after the action WXY than after the action XYW.

D. The electric field in the capacitor after the action XW is the same as that after WX.

Answer :

Option b) is correct because when a dielectric slab W is inserted in the capacitor in the presence of a battery the capacitance increases by a factor of Kdielectric constant)


Where


K is the dielectric constant


εo is the permittivity of the free space


A is the area of the plate,


d is the distance between the plates of the capacitor,


As the capacitance increases with the insertion of the dielectric, the charge appearing on the capacitor increases


Since,


Q=CV


Where,


Q is the charge on the capacitor


C is the capacitance of the capacitor


V is the potential difference supplied by the battery


Whereas capacitance does not change in case of inserting slab after removing the battery.


Optionc) is correct as


In process WXY after inserting a dielectric slab in the capacitor, the capacitance becomes



Where C0 is the capacitance in a vacuum and K is the dielectric constant. Now if the capacitor is connected to the battery of emf ϵ, then potential difference across the capacitor is given by ϵ, and the stored electrical energy is given by



Whereas in process XYW the energy is given by



Therefore, The electric energy stored in the capacitor is greater after the action WXY than after the action XYW.


Optiond) is correct because in both cases Electric field in the capacitor reduces to


Where


E0=electric field in c=vacuum


K=dielectric constant


note that it does not matter whether the battery is connected afterwards or before in 4th part)


The electric field in the capacitor after the action XW is the same as that after WX.

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