Q. 3 A3.8( 65 Votes )
Find all the words and expressions in the play that the characters use to speak about each other, and the accusations and insults they hurt at each other.
(For example, Lomov in the end calls Chubukov an intriguer; but earlier, Chubukov has himself called Lomov a "malicious, doublefaced intriguer." Again, Lomov begins by describing Natalya as "an excellent housekeeper, not bad-looking, well-educated.")
Natalya calls Lomov: rascal, the monster.
Lomov calls him: villain, blind hen, the stuffed susage, malicious, double faced, intriguer, old rat, fool. Chubukov calls Lomov's father: a guzzling gambler.
Lomov calls Chubukov: Intriguer, Natalya's mother, hump-backed.
Chubukov calls Lomov: My precious.
Lomov calls Natalya: Excellent housekeeper, not bad-looking, ell-educated.
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Anger Management As adults, one important thing to learn is how to manage our temper. Some of us tend to get angry quickly, while others remain calm.
Can you think of three ill effects that result from anger? Note them down. Suggest ways to avoid losing your temper in such situations. Are there any benefits from anger?NCERT - First Flight
In pairs, prepare a script based on the given excerpt from The Home and the World by Rabindranath Tagore. You may write five exchanges between the characters with other directions such as movements on stage and way of speaking, etc.
One afternoon, when I happened to be specially busy, word came to my office room that Bimala had sent for me. I was startled.
"Who did you say had sent for me?" I asked the messenger.
"The Rani Mother".
"The Bara Rani?"
"No, sir, the Chota Rani Mother."
The Chota Rani! It seemed a century since I had been sent for by her. I kept them all waiting there, and went off into the inner apartments. When I stepped into our room I
had another shock of surprise to find Bimala there with a distinct suggestion of being dressed up. The room, which from persistent neglect, had latterly acquired an air of having grown absent-minded, had regained something of its old order this afternoon. I stood there silently, looking enquiringly at Bimala. She flushed a little and the fingers of her right hand toyed for a time with the bangles on her left arm. Then she abruptly broke the silence. "Look here! Is it right that ours should be the only market in all Bengal which allows foreign goods?"
"What, then, would be the right thing to do?" I asked.
"Order them to be cleared out!" "But the goods are not mine." "Is not the market yours?"
"It is much more theirs who use it for trade."
"Let them trade in Indian goods, then."
"Nothing would please me better.
But suppose they do not?"
"Nonsense! How dare they be so insolent? Are you not..."
"I am very busy this afternoon and cannot stop to argue it out. But I must refuse to tyrannise."
"It would not be tyranny for selfish gain, but for the sake of the country."
"To tyrannise for the country is to tyrannise over the country. But that I am afraid you will never understand." With this I came away.NCERT - First Flight
Here is an excerpt from an article from the Times of India dated 27 August 2006. Rewrite it, changing the sentences in direct speech into reported speech. Leave the other sentences unchanged.
"Why do you want to know my age? If people know I am so old, I won't get work!" laughs 90-year-old A.K. Hangal, one of Hindi cinema's most famous character actors. For his age, he is rather energetic. "What's the secret?" we ask. "My intake of everything is in small quantities. And I walk a lot," he replies. "I joined the industry when people retire. I was in my 40s. So I don't miss being called a star. I am still respected and given work, when actors of my age are living in poverty and without work. I don't have any complaints," he says, adding, "but yes, I have always been underpaid." Recipient of the Padma Bhushan, Hangal never hankered after money or materialistic gains. "No doubt I am content today, but money is important. I was a fool not to understand the value of money earlier," he regrets.NCERT - First Flight
In groups, discuss the qualities one should look for in a marriage partner. You might consider the following points.
• Personal qualities
-Appearance or looks
-Attitudes and beliefs
-Sense of humour
• Value system
-Compassion and kindness
-Attitude to money and wealth
-Educational and Professional backgroundNCERT - First Flight
Look up the following words in a dictionary and find out how to pronounce them. Pay attention to how many syllables there are in each word, and find out which syllable is stressed, or said more forcefully.NCERT - First Flight
Look up the following phrases in a dictionary to find out their meaning, and then use each in a sentence of your own.
(i) You may take it that
(ii) He seems to be coming round
(iii) My foot’s gone to sleepNCERT - First Flight
A sentence in reported speech consists of two parts; a reporting clause, which contains the reporting verb, and the reported clause. Look at the following sentences.
(a) “ I went to visit my grandma last week,” said Mamta.
(b) Mamta said that she had gone to visit her grandma the previous week. In sentence (a), we have Mamta’s exact words. This is an example of direct speech. In sentence (b), someone is reporting what Mamta said. This is called indirect speech or reported speech. A sentence in reported speech is made up of two parts-a reporting clause and a reported clause.
In sentence (b), Mamta said is the reporting clause containing the reporting verb said. The other clause-that she had gone to visit her grandma last week-is the reported clause.
Notice that in sentence (b) we put the reporting clause first. This is done to show that we are not speaking directly, but reporting someone else's words. The tense of the verb also changes; past tense (went) becomes past perfect (had gone). Here are some pairs of sentences in direct and reported speech. Read them carefully, and do the task that follows:
1. (i) LoMov: Honoured Stepan Stepanovitch, do you think I may count on her consent? (Direct Speech)
(ii) Lomov asked Stepan Stepanovitch respectfully if he thought he might count on her consent. (Reported Speech)
2. (i) LoMov: I'm getting a noise in my ears from ecitement. (Direct Speech)
(ii) Lomov said that he was getting a noise in his ears from excitement. (Reported Speech)
3. (i) NATALYA: Why haven't you been here for such a long time? (Direct Speech)
(ii) Natalya asked why he hadn't been there for such a long time. (Reported Speech)
4. (i) CHUBUKov: What's the matter? (Direct Speech)
(ii) Chubukov asked him what the matter was. (Reported Speech)
5. (i) NATALYA: My mowers will be there this very day! (Direct Speech)
(ii) Natalya declared that her mowers would be there that very day.
You must have noticed that when we report someone's exact words, we have to make some changes in the sentence structure. In the following sentences fill in the blanks to list the changes that have occurred in the above pairs of sentences. One has been done for you.
1. To report a question, we use the reporting verb ………..asked………(as in Sentence Set 1) .
2. To report a declaration, we use the reporting verb …………….
3. The adverb of place here changes to………………..
4. When the verb in direct speech is in the present tense, the verb in reported speech is in the ............ tense (as in Sentence Set 3).
5. If the verb in direct speech is in the present continuous tense, the verb in reported speech changes to ………….. tense. For example, …………. changes to was getting.
6. When the sentence in direct speech contains a word denoting respect, we add the adverb …………. in the reporting clause (as in Sentence Set 1).
7. The pronouns I, me, our and mine, which are used in the first person in direct speech, change according to the subject or object of the reporting verb such as …………….., ……………….,…………..or …………………in reported speech.NCERT - First Flight
What does Chubukov at first suspect that Lomov has come for? Is he sincere when he later says, “And I’ve always loved you, my angel, as if you were my own son”? Find reasons for your answer from the play.NCERT - First Flight
Chubukov says of Natalya, “….as if she won’t consent! She’s in love; egad, she’s like a love-sick cat….” Would you agree? Find reasons.NCERT - First Flight
Can you imagine what these characters will quarrel about next?NCERT - First Flight