Answer :

(a) Vellalar was a word used for large landowners in Tamil.


Regional landowners were known as ‘Vellalar’ in Tamil Nadu.


(b) Slaves and workers.


The village headman known as ‘grama bhojaka’ were often the largest land owner and they had slaves or hired workers to cultivate their land.


(c) Uzhavar


The ordinary ploughman were known as ‘uzhavar’ and landless labourers, including slaves, were known as ‘kadaisiyar’ and ‘adimai’ in tamil.


(d) Smaller


The independent landowners with small land holdings were called grihapatis.


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