Answer :

(a) The small green leaves at the base of flower are known as sepals.

The sepals protect the flower when it is in the form of a bud in the initial stage.


(b) The swollen basal part of the pistil is the ovary which bears the ovules .


The ovary contains tiny egg-like structures called ovules. The ovary may contain one or more several ovules. The ovules contain female sex cell of a plant.


(c) Stamen has two parts called anther and filament .


Stamen is the male part of a flower. It is made up of two parts: a filament and an anther. The stalk of stamen is called filament and the swollen top of stamen is called anther.


(d) The young unopened flower is termed as bud .


Bud is a knob-like structure that grows on a plant which later develops into a leaf, flower, or a shoot.


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