Q. 24.5( 113 Votes )

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Answer :

(a) The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar’s half-brother, was Kabul.

Mirza Hakim was the second son of Mughal emperor Humayun. He ruled Kabul in Afghanistan.

(b) The five Deccan Sultanates were Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, Bijapur and Golconda.

The Deccan Sultanates namely Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, Bijapur and Golconda were the five dynasties that ruled late medieval Indian Kingdoms.

(c) If zat determined a mansabdar’s rank and salary, sawar indicated his military responsibility.

In Mansabdari system on the basis of zat of the mansabdar his salary and rank were decided and his sawar were used to decide his military responsibilities.

(d) AbulFazl, Akbar’s friend and counselor, helped him frame the idea of sulh-i-kul so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures and castes.

Sulh-i-kul is an Arabic term meaning “Peace with all”. It was applied by Akbar the third Mughal emperor; it described a peaceful and harmonious relationship among different religions.

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