Answer :

(a) Aurangzeb fought a protracted war in the deccan.


The Mughal army had successfully conquered two Muslim kingdoms in deccan: Nizams of Ahmednagar and the Adil shah of Bijapur. Than the Mughal army arrived at Golconda Fort in deccan. The war in Golconda lasted for 8 months.


(b) Umara and jagirdars constituted powerful sections of the Mughal administration.


Umara and jagirdars were the important sections of the mughal empire as their revenue and their army helps the administration system.


(c) Asaf Jah founded the Hyderabad state in 1724.


Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi, a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal Empire from 1713 to 1721. He ruled after Aurangzeb’s death in 1707. In 1724, Mughal control lapsed, and Asaf Jah declared himself independent in Hyderabad.


(d) The founder of the Awadh state was Burhan-ul-Mulk Sa’adat Khan.


When Mughal empire declined Awadh grew stronger and more independent. The capital city at the time was Faizabad.


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