# Figure (8-E17) sh

i) The minimum projection-speed u0 for which the particle reaches the top of the track is

ii) The projection-speed is 2u0 and that the block does not lose contact with the track before reaching its top, its force is

iii) The block lose contact with the track at

Given

The length of the inclined plane is “l”, mass of the particle is “m” and the velocity of the particle is “”.

Formula Used

The formula for the total energy in terms of kinetic and potential energy is given as

where

The is the total energy in terms of kinetic and potential energy, m is the mass of the object, g is the acceleration in terms of gravity and l is the length of the object.

Explanation

a) The height of the particle is taken as

The potential energy at the top of the sphere is

The total energy experienced on the particle is

The initial potential energy is

The initial Kinetic energy is

Therefore, the total energy of the particle is

Hence, the equation of total energy is

b) The initial speed is

Let the final speed be denoted as

Hence, the total energy is equal to the sum of potential and kinetic energy.

The centripetal acceleration is given as

Hence, the force acted is

c) If the speed is doubled, we get the velocity as. Hence, the angle made by the particle before leaving is

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