i) The Diagonally opposite pair of charges (Cs+) will nullify each other’s electric field at the center of its diagonal.
So, the net electric field on the Cl atom due to eight Cs atoms will be zero.
Now, according to question..
Charge (q) and distance(r) are same so forces are same and in opposite direction . Therefore, they get cancelled out and net force becomes zero.
Now electric field E=. Here F=0 .Therefore, E is also zero.
Similarly, electric field in all directions are zero.
ii) We can deduce that electric field due to others 7 vertices (Cs+) and (Cs+) at A contributes at the center of its diagonal to get the electric field = 0
So we can write,
EA + E’ =0
Where EA = Electric field at center of cube due to charge at vertex a.
E’ = Electric field at center of cube due to charges at other 7 vertices.
∴E’ = - EA
So the net force on Cl will be magnitude wise EAq(Cl-)
where q = 1.6 and k = 9×109 N.m2.C−2
Diagonal of cube=, where a=length of side of a cube
Since Cl is placed at the centre 9×109 N.m2.C−2
It will be of attractive nature as the charges are of opposite nature and along the diagonal joining vertex A and the Centre.
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