Q. 6 B5.0( 3 Votes )

Answer all the questions given under each caption:

Features of Egyptian civilization:

1. Who built the pyramids and why?

2. What is the process of mummification?

3. What is the belief system of ancient Egyptians?

4. What is the importance of great sphinx?

Answer :

1. a) The Egyptians supposed that there is a life after death.


b) Therefore, they founded it essential to preserve the dead body.


c) The art of preserving the dead body is known as mummification.


d) Pyramids and tombs were built to preserve the body of pharaohs i.e. royal kings.


2. a) The methods of embalming, or treating the dead body, that the ancient Egyptians used is called mummification.


b) Using special procedures, the Egyptians removed all moisture from the body,


c) Then they left only a dried form of the body which is not easy to get decayed.


The seven steps of the process:


1) Step 1: Announcement of Death


2) Step 2: Embalming the Body


3) Step 3: Removal of Brain


4) Step 4: Removal of Internal Organs


5) Step 5: Drying Out Process


6) Step 6: Wrapping of the Body


7) Step 7: Final Procession.


3. Egyptians practiced polytheism. They worshipped many super-powers. The main Gods were:


• Amon


• Re


• Seth


• Thoth


• Horus


• Anubis


The other beliefs were:


1) The Sun god, Re, was the major one.


2) The Sun god was called Amon.


3) Amon was considered to be the king of the gods.


4) Anubis is the god of death, connected to embalming of the dead.


5) Anubis is considered the protector of the dead and portrayed with a jackal head.


6) Thoth was the god of writing and learning. He has the bird-head of ibis.


4. 1) The Great Sphinx is the contribution of Egyptian civilization.


2) It is a mythical creature with the head of a human and the body of a lion.


3) It is considered as disloyal and merciless.


4) Its construction is as a massive limestone image of a lion with a human head.


5) It is built in the time of Pharaoh Khafre.


6) It is one of the largest sculptures of the world


7) It measures seventy-three meters in length and twenty meters in height.


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