1. Law has an important role to play in the path of political reforms. Carefully devised changes in law can help to discourage wrong political practices and encourage good ones. However, legal-constitutional changes by themselves cannot overcome challenges to democracy. Thus, democratic reforms are to be carried out mainly by political activists, parties, movements and politically conscious citizens.
2. Laws attempting to ban something often tend to limit its scope in politics. For example laws banning people having more than two children from contesting panchayat elections have reduced the role of women and poor at the village level. Therefore, laws should always seek to empower people to carry out democratic reforms. For example the Right to Information (RTI) is a law that empowers people in keeping a check on the activities of the government and act as watchdogs of democracy. It not only helps in controlling corruption but also supplements the existing laws banning corruption.
3. It is not necessary that laws providing a good solution to a particular problem passed by the legislature are sufficient enough to bring about a change in society, because in the end what matters the most is ‘implementation’ i.e. who will implement it and how.
NOTE - Every legal action must be studied and observed carefully and all its aspects must be analyzed thoroughly in order to understand the results it may have in the near future. Also, change according to the changing situations and circumstances of the society should be kept in mind. Thus, suitable laws with the right method of implementation are absolutely necessary.
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