Answer :

Located along the Hugli river in the western part of India, a mix of historical, geographical, economic and political factors contributed much to the development of the Hugli Industrial Region.

The region developed with the opening of the river port on Hugli, and gained importance with the subsequent rise of Kolkata as a leading centre of the country.

The region expanded later when Kolkata was connected with the interior parts by railway lines and road routes.

Development of tea plantation in Assam and northern hills of West Bengal, the processing of indigo earlier and jute later coupled with the opening of coalfields of the Damodar Valley and iron ore deposits of the Chotanagpur plateau, contributed to the industrial development of the region.

Cheap labour available from thickly populated part of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Odisha also contributed to its development.

Being the British capital city in India, Kolkata attracted the British capital.


Located close to the western coastal city of Mumbai, the Mumbai-Pune Industrial Region extends from Mumbai-Thane to Pune and its adjoining districts of Nashik and Solapur.

Development of this region started with the location of the cotton textile industry in Mumbai. With cotton hinterland and moist climate favoured with the location of the cotton textile industry in Mumbai.

Opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 provided impetus to the growth of Mumbai Port. Machinery was imported through this port.

To meet the energy requirements of this region, hydro-electricity was developed in the Western Ghats.

Chemical industry followed soon after the cotton industry set a foothold in the region.

Opening of the Mumbai High petroleum field and erection of nuclear energy plain added additional pull to this region.

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