• Nepal, which was a Hindu kingdom in the past became a constitutional monarchy in the modern times.
• The king retained full control over the government and was aided by the army. This restricted spread of democracy in Nepal which was in opposition to popular demand by the Nepalese people and the political parties.
• During 1990, a strong pro-democracy movement forced the King to accept the demand for a new democratic constitution.
• Democratic governments however have been short and troubled in Nepal because of the spread of Maoist insurgency during the nineties.
• The King abolished the parliament in 2002 which resulted in the end of the limited democracy in Nepal.
• The country saw massive prodemocracy protests in April 2006, which forced the King to restore the House of Representatives.
• Nepal became a democratic republic by abolishing the monarchy in 2008 and adopted a new constitution in 2015.
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