Q. 105.0( 1 Vote )

Explain the use of petroleum as an energy resource and as an industrial raw material

Answer :

Petroleum as an energy resource: Petroleum has many by-products such oil. This is a major form of energy in industries. Diesel and gasoline were used in gas turbines to produce electricity. The heavier oils are used for the central lighting system in many shops and offices. The lighter grades of oil are used for domestic purpose.


Petroleum as an industrial raw material: Both petrochemical and chemical industries use petroleum by-products as raw materials. Petro-products are used to produce chemical fertilizer, synthetic fibre, synthetic rubber, nylon, plastics, perfumes, paints, carbon black sulphur, pesti �cides, insecticides, dyes etc. Also, all the lubricants from petroleum are used in the transport industry. Many sophisticated types of machinery require lubricants.


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