Q. 204.7( 12 Votes )

Explain the terms 'producer' and 'consumer'. Give two examples of producers and two of consumers.

Answer :

Producers are defined as organisms that prepare their own food using inorganic substances like water, carbon dioxide in the presence of chlorophyll and sunlight, and they release oxygen as a by-product. For example- green plants, blue algae, lichens etc. are producers , they make their own food by the process of photosynthesis.

Consumers are organisms that cannot make their own food and so they depend on producers for food. For example- Lion, Bears, Tiger are consumers.

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