Q. 23.6( 20 Votes )

Explain the summary of the chapter power-sharing in detail.

Answer :

Many countries share power due to the complex and diverse population. Belgium and Srilanka are such countries.


Power sharing in Belgium - The government gave importance to regional differences and cultural diversities. Each community given equal power thus no single community could make decisions alone. The capital city Brussels has different government and communities have equal representation.


Power sharing in Sri Lanka - The elected government adopted Majoritarian measures and established Sinhala supremacy. The government mainly supported Sinhalese. Due to the biased behaviour of the government, other groups felt alienated resulting in civil war.


The power-sharing was desirable because it will not lead to conflict between the social groups and maintain political stability. Power sharing is a part of democracy as it will allow people to question those who are making laws for them and to know how they are being governed. Power sharing will result in better outcomes.


There are different forms of power-sharing which are –


Power is shared among different organs of the government - legislature, executive and judiciary. These organs exercise different powers at the same level and also keep a check on others.


Power can be shared among governments at different levels – there are regional or provincial governments also, known as state government in India. The Constitution mentions the powers of different levels of the government.


Power can be shared among different social groups- social groups like religious and linguistic groups and in some countries Constitutional and legal arrangements has been made for the socially weaker section of the society such as for women. This is done so that other groups don’t feel alienated and to ensure a fair share of power.


Power can also be shared among political parties, pressure groups, and movements – as democracy allows people to choose representatives among them. This results in competition among different parties. Power is shared among different groups because this will allow parties to represent different ideologies and social groups.


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