Q. 123.8( 4 Votes )

Explain the role

Answer :

The role of the zamindars during the 16 and 17 century of the Mughal period is mentioned below:

a) They were landed proprietors who enjoyed a certain social and economic status.

b) They had an elevated status due to the services they performed for the state.

c) They held extensive personal lands which they could even resell.

d) They controlled the military, collected revenue on behalf of the states, and had their own fortresses.

e) They were of the upper caste Brahmin and completely controlled the village society.

f) A few people of the lower caste also entered into zamindari system.

g) The buying and selling of zamindari accelerated the process of monetization in the countryside.

h) Rajputs also decided to adopt various strategies to consolidate power in the Northern part of the country.

i) The disposition of vehicle people was another way to spend the zamindari

The role of Mughal panchayat is mentioned below:

a) The village panchayat consisted of many elders who had hereditary rights.

b) if a village had many castes in it, the panchayat was a heterogeneous group of people.

c) The leader of the panchayat was a head man called the muqaddam or Mandal. He was chosen by the consensus of the elders and zamindars.

d) He held the office as long as he enjoys the confidence of the other villagers.

e)He had the responsibility for the maintenance of village accounts assisted by the accountant or Patwari.

f) The fund for the panchayat was from the common financial pool. It made the finances required for digging a canal and other welfare activities for the community as a whole.

g) It also had the authority to levy fines and inspect any punishment in case of a crime conducted. It also insured the conduct of the members of the village community

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