Q. 184.4( 5 Votes )

Explain the role of workers in a bee colony.

Answer :

Worker - Worker is diploid, sterile female. Its size is smallest among the caste of bees. They are the active members of the colony. For various outdoor and indoor chores, the workers are provided with a variety of organs such as hypo pharyngeal glands (for secretion of bee milk), wax glands (for building cells of comb), pollen baskets on their hind legs (for collection of pollen), sucking type mouthparts (for collecting the nectar), high level secretion of invertase enzyme (in the honey sac for honey formation), a sting at the tip of the abdomen (for defence of the colony.

The worker bees of a hive fall under 3 groups. These are:

(i) Scavenger Bees - For the first three days each worker bees act as a scavenger.

(ii) Nurse Bees - From the fourth day onwards each worker bee feeds the entire brood, like a foster mother, with a mixture of honey and pollen. By seventh day, its starts producing royal jelly, which is fed to the queen and future queen bees. They also perform guard duties.

(iii) Foraging or Field bees - They explore new sources of nectar. They collect nectar, pollen and propolis. Nectar is changed into honey in the crops and collected in bee hive.

Rate this question :

How useful is this solution?
We strive to provide quality solutions. Please rate us to serve you better.
Related Videos
The Demand of Increasing Population41 mins
NCERT | People as Resources51 mins
Estimating the power of a common man50 mins
Quiz | Variation in 'g' in One Shot34 mins
Champ Quiz | The Five Kingdoms45 mins
Matter and Its Classification34 mins
Units to measure Temperature46 mins
Recently facts of 5th state of Matter: Bose Einstein Condensate52 mins
Be a Crackerjack of Pradeep's H.O.T.S. on Matter49 mins
Master Pradeep's Analytical Skill Questions36 mins
Try our Mini CourseMaster Important Topics in 7 DaysLearn from IITians, NITians, Doctors & Academic Experts
Dedicated counsellor for each student
24X7 Doubt Resolution
Daily Report Card
Detailed Performance Evaluation
view all courses