1. The effect of the war was felt within the US. Many were critical of the government for getting involved in a war that they saw as indefensible.
2. The anger was further spread as many of the youth who were sent to fight did not belong to the privileged elite but were minorities and children of working-class families. Also, the compulsory service in the armed forces could be waived away for university graduates.
3. The U.S. media and films played a major role in both supporting as well as criticising the war. For example- the Hollywood film – John Wayne’s Green Berets (1968) has been cited as an unthinking propaganda film responsible for motivating many young men to die in the war. Francis Ford Coppola’s Apolcalypse Now (1979) reflected the moral confusion that the war had caused in the US.
NOTE – The Vietnamese accepted the division of the country into North and South with Ho Chi Minh and communists taking power in north and Bao Dai in South. However, a consequent defeat of Bao Dai and establishment of dictatorial rule by Ngo Dinh Diem further led to the establishment of the National Liberation Front (NLF) who opposed this dictatorship. Taking help from the Ho Chi Minh government of North, the NLF tried to unify the country. (Vietnam War) The United States of America, worried by the communists gaining political power, decided to intervene in the War by sending its troops. The entry of the US in the war left an extreme impact on both the countries.
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