The process of unification of Germany:
The middle-class Germans had tried to fight for a united nation governed by an elected parliament in 1848 but were repressed by the monarchy and military.
Otto von Bismarck, chief minister of Prussian led the movement for unification of Germany. He was supported by the bureaucracy and the Prussian army.
After three wars with Austria, Denmark, and France, Prussia won and unified Germany. The Prussian king, William I, was proclaimed the German emperor in January 1871.
Explanation: The nationalist feeling in the people of the German Confederation had been present for a long time. Supported by Prussian leaders, they struggled for a unified Germany. After seven years-long struggle, Germany was finally unified.
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