Q. 235.0( 3 Votes )

Explain the problems faced by the cotton textile industries in India.

Answer :

The Cotton textile industry is agro-based industry and provides living to many farmers, cotton ball pluckers and workers. It is a lightweight industry. In India, Gujarat and Maharashtra region have most of the cotton industries.

The factors that responsible for its localization are:

1. Availability of raw cotton.

2. Transportation facility.

3. Availability of labour.

4. Moist climate for cultivating cotton.

Challenges faced:

1. There is strong competition in the synthetic fiber industry.

2. Though India is the largest producer of cotton yarn, yet most of the cotton products are still imported.

3. The power looms are run on electricity; this gets deterred by the fluctuating and erratic power supply.

4. The machinery used is traditional and need to be upgraded in order to increase the yield.

5. The low output of labour is also one challenge. This could be addressed by making the labourers efficient.

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