There are two policies namely, assimilation and integration policies. Assimilation is a type of policy which includes a basic set of cultural values, rules and norms which are imposed on the citizens which they have to follow. These rules are largely based on the opinions of the dominant groups in the society whereas Integration is a type of policy which persists on following common nation pattern which includes public culture but at the same time, what is considered as ‘non-national cultures’ should be demoted to the private sphere.
In the assimilation policy, non-dominant or subordinated groups are expected to follow the culture as prescribed and to give up their own culture and traditions. In Integration policy, there are chances that the ideology or culture of the dominant group will become the ‘national’ culture.
As these are the problems but this doesn’t mean any type of community identity leads to the formation of the nation-state. Community identity such as language, religion, ethnicity, etc, is considered to be the element that leads to the formation of the nation-state act as a dangerous foe for the existing states. To be able to control and manage the state, they tend to support only single and homogeneous national identity. If cultural diversity repressed it might prove costly as isolation of minority or subordinated communities who are considered as ‘non-national’ will get provoked and try to show their anger through conflicts or dispute. Encouraging cultural diversity is good policy from both the practical and the principled point of view. Thus, the politics of assimilation and integration could be used to establish a national identity.
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