Q. 14.0( 3 Votes )

Explain the north Indian rivers (Himalayan Rivers) in detail.

Answer :

North Indian rivers flow from north to south. Himalayan rivers are the source of these rivers. Rivers of North India are perennial which means that they have water throughout the year. These rivers receive water from rain or melted snow.

Himalayan Rivers are divided into three parts:


*Indus River System


*Ganga River System


*Brahmaputra River System


Indus River System: This river system originates from the western Himalayas. It flow upwards and drain into Arabian Sea. The Sutlej, the Ravi, the Chenab and the Vyas are included in this river system. The upper drainage course of these rivers is in India and the lower drainage course is in Pakistan. Indus is one of the longest rivers of the world. The Indus plain has a very gentle slope with a total length of 2900 km. The river Sutlej originates from the Rakshastal near Mansarovar Lake in the southern slope of the Kailash Mountain.


Ganga River System: This river system originates from the north that is Ganga and its tributaries namely Yamuna, Ghagra, and Gandak. The most significant river of India is Ganga which originates from Gangotri glacier and joined by the Alaknanda at Devprayag in Uttarakhand. The river Ganga enters Bangladesh near Farakka and called Padma. It forms a delta with the river Brahmaputra before falling into the Bay of Bengal.


Brahmaputra River System: Brahmaputra River originates in a place near Mansarovar Lake of the Kailash Mountain in Tibet. It is the longest river of India. It flows towards eastern edge of Himalaya and called Tsang-po. It takes turn to the south and then toward west and flow through Assam. It joins Ganga after reaching Bangladesh.


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