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Explain the natur
The intensity of rural settlements mainly depends on the quality of land. Residents generally perform jobs such as farming, animal husbandry, fishing and other agro-based professions. The size of the settlements is relatively small.
Problems of rural settlements-
a. Water supply- Water is an extremely valuable resource when it comes to rural areas, as they are often faced with water scarcity and drought. Womenfolk have to walk long distances across parched land in order to collect their daily fill of water.
b. Waterborne diseases- Another problem related to the supply and quality of water is the fact that several villages are plagued by water-borne diseases such as cholera and jaundice.
c. Drought and floods- South Asian villages face this problem a lot, due to a shortage of water supply and decreased rainfall.
d. Health problems- the general absence of toilets, efficient garbage disposal and sewage system makes life in villages an overall health problem.
Factors which affect the location of rural settlements-
a. Water supply- villages are usually densely populated near water bodies such as rivers and lakes. This is because water is an essential part of their agricultural occupations.
b. Land- land is an essential resource when it comes to village settlements. Fertile areas are densely populated.
c. Upland- people settle on upland in order to avoid being affected by floods and other natural calamities. People who do settle on lowlands often build terraces or stilt houses.
d. Building material- People prefer to settle in places with abundant building material such as wood, stones or mud.
e. Defence- Villages were built inside forts or on difficult-to-reach places in mountains in order to defend themselves from enemies or other attacks.
f. Planned Settlements- Sometimes, the government builds planned settlements in order to provide basic facilities such as food, clothing and shelter to homeless and poor people.
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