Answer :

Saturated hydrocarbons: The hydrocarbons in which all the carbon atoms are connected by only single bonds are called saturated hydrocarbons or alkanes.

The general formula of saturated hydrocarbons is CnH2n+2, where, n=number of carbon atoms in a one molecule of hydrocarbon.

Example: Methane (CH4), Ethane (C2H6), Butane (C4H10)

Unsaturated hydrocarbons: The hydrocarbons in which atleast one double or triple bond is present along with single bonds are called unsaturated hydrocarbons.

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