Q. 243.8( 15 Votes )

Explain the meaning of Holocaust. How was it practised in Germany?

Answer :

The atrocities and sufferings that the Jews had endured during the Nazi killing operations is known as the ‘Holocaust’.

It was practised in Germany by the Nazis, using the following methods:


(i) Physically eliminating all those who were seen as ‘undesirable’ (Jews, Gypsies, Blacks and other ‘racially impure’ people) by killing them in
gas chambers by the use of poisonous gas.


(ii) Making people from Poland and Russia as slave labour and imprisoned them in concentration camps.


(iii) Jews were segregated and pauperised, forcing many of them to leave the country.


(iv) Jews were victimised through the media by circulating pictures, films, slogans and leaflets. They were stereotyped, mocked, abused and described as evil.


(v) They were referred to as vermin, rats and pests. Their movements were compared to those of rodents.


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