Q. 124.5( 22 Votes )

Explain the idea of Satyagraha according to Gandhiji. (CBSE 2014)

Answer :

1. Gandhiji strongly believed in the power of truth and the idea of Satyagraha. He felt that if the cause of the fight was true and against injustice, then physical force was not necessary to fight the oppressor.

2. Without the use of aggression, a satyagrahi could appeal to the conscience of the oppressor and persuade him to see the truth, instead of forcing him to accept it through the use of violence. Therefore, the truth was ultimately bound to succeed.

3. After observing the divide in the nationalist movement amongst various communities and groups in India, he made attempts to unite the people of India through the dharma of ahimsa i.e. nonviolence.

NOTE – Opposing the idea of violent methods, the dharma of nonviolence was the basic idea of Gandhiji’s Satyagraha. After arriving in India, Gandhiji organized satyagraha movements amongst various groups of people. Focussing on mass mobilization, he tried to bring together people from different religious groups and communities in the fight against the unjust British rule.

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