Q. 55.0( 1 Vote )
Explain the functioning of the Communist Part of India from 1920 to 1950.
Involvement in independence struggle:
I. During the 1920s and the early 1930s the party was badly organised, and in practice there were several communist groups working with limited national co-ordination.
III. In Kerala communists won control over CSP, and for a brief period controlled Congress there.
IV. In July 1942, the CPI was legalised, as a result of Britain and the Soviet Union becoming allies against Nazi Germany.
V. Communists strengthened their control over the All India Trade Union Congress. At the same time, communists were politically cornered for their opposition to the Quit India Movement.
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Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Congress evolved from its origins in 1885 as a pressure group for the newly educated, professionals and commercial classes to a mass movement in the twentieth century. This laid the basis for its eventual transformation into a mass political party and its subsequent domination of the political system. Thus the Congress began as a party dominated by the English speaking, upper caste, upper middle class, and urban elite. But with every Civil Disobedience Movement, it launched, its social base widened.
(a) What is meant by a pressure group?
(b) Explain the reason for the Congress to be transformed into a rainbow-like social coalition by the time of Independence.
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