Foundational challenge of democracy:
1. Many countries in the world have non-democratic regimes. They have to change to the democratic form of government.
2. They have to build a sovereign and functional state that does not let military or any other internal power to take over.
3. For example, Pakistan faced many military take-overs of the government in the decades before 2000.
Explanation: Foundational challenge basically means the firm establishment of democracy in a country. However, many countries face this challenge. They either have a non-democratic regime or the existing government is not strong enough.
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