Q. 34.1( 88 Votes )

Explain the following with its reason.

(1) Historical research was driven to focus in depth on various aspects of women’s life.

(2) Foucault called his method, ‘the archaeology of knowledge.’

Answer :

(1) There is a school of historiography known as Feminist historiography. In this, historical research is based on the viewpoint of women. Historical research is written with the extensive research on the various situations of women’s life such as employment, family conditions, education, institutions working for or with them, women’s role in various fields, etc. One such example is the writings of the Simone de Beauvoir which explains basic principles related to Feminism.

(2) Michel Foucault called his method, ‘the archaeology of knowledge’ Because he recognized the fact that history based on the chronological event is not the correct way to form history, it is about the changes or the transformation which takes place in the past which archaeology explains. He considers archaeology as the primary truth to explain the various transitions that took place in the past.

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MHB - History and Political Science