(a) When silicon reacts with methyl chloride in the presence of copper (catalyst) and at a temperature of about 537 K, a class of organosilicon polymers called methyl substituted chlorosilane MeSiCl3, Me2SiCl2, Me3SiCl, and Me4Si) are formed.
(b) When silicon dioxide (SiO2) is heated with hydrogen fluoride (HF), it forms silicon tetrafluoride (SiF4). Usually, the Si–O bond is a strong bond and it resists any attack by halogens and most acids, even at a high temperature. However, it is attacked by HF.
SiO2 + 4HF → SiF4 + 2H2O
The SiF4 formed in this reaction can further react with HF to form hydro-fluorosilicic acid.
SiF4 + 2HF → H2SiF6
(c) When CO reacts with ZnO, it reduces ZnO to Zn. CO acts as a reducing agent.
ZnO(s) + CO(g) → Zn(s) + CO2(g)
(d) When hydrated alumina is added to sodium hydroxide, the former dissolves in the latter because of the formation of sodium meta-aluminate.
Al2O3.2H2O + 2NaOH → 2NaAlO2 + 3H2O
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