Answer :

India is the second largest producer of iron in the world. Iron ores are obtained from Sedimentary rocks. Haematite, limonite, siderite, magnetite, and laterite are the five types of iron ores found in India.


The distribution of iron ore in India are as follows:


1. Odisha:


a. The state of Odisha accounts for about twenty-eight percent of the total iron produced in the country.


b. It is rich in Haematite.


c. Mayurbhanj, Sundergarh and Kyojhar, Mayurbhanj, Gurumahisini, Sulempet, Badampahar, Thakurani, Kiruburu are the districts in Odisha where iron ore is found.


2. Karnataka:


a. Karnataka produces about twenty-six percent of the country’s total iron.


b. This state is rich in Haematite.


c. Bellary, Chikmangloor, Chitradurg and Shimoga districts have abundant iron ores.


d. Bababudan hills, Kalahandi, Kemangudi are the important centres of iron ore production in the district of Chikmangloor.


3. Goa:


a. About 13.5% of the country’s iron ore is obtained from Goa.


b. Goa is the fourth largest producer of iron ore in India.


c. Limonite, laterite and siderite are the types of iron ores found here.


d. In Goa, iron ore is found in Pirna, Adel, Kadnem Surla, Vale Aneda, Tosilla Borgador areas.


4. Jharkhand:


a. Jharkhand ranks fifth in the production of iron ore in India.


b. Magnetite and haematite ores are found in abundance.


c. Singhbhum and Palamu districts, Noamundi, Gua, Daltonganj are the areas from which iron ore is obtained.


d. The iron ore is refined in Kulti and Burnpur plants.


5. Chattisgarh:


a. Chattisgarh accounts for 16% of the country’s total iron ore production.


b. This state is rich in Haematite.


c. Dantewara, Bilaspur, Rajnandgaon, Dhalli, Rajhara range, Jagdalpur, Raoghat are the regions that are rich in iron ore.


d. Belladila mine is the largest iron mine of Asia.


Besides these states, iron ores can also be found in the state of Telangana, Salem district in Tamil Nadu, Mahendra Garh in Haryana and Jaipur, Udaipur and Bhilwara in Rajasthan.


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