Answer :

Nayaks contributed significantly to the field of art and architecture-

• Nayaks of Madurai gave patronage to Krishnapuram Temple and Nellaiappar Temples at Thirunelveli, Kasi Viswanatha Temple at Tenkasi, Ramanathapuram Temple at Rameshwaram and Big Gopura of Srivilliputhur.


• Krishnappa Nayak rebuilt and renovated Velliambalam, Northern Gopuram, Thousand Pillared Mandapam, Murthiamman Mandapam, Suriya Mandapam and Virappa Mandapam at Madurai.


• Thirumalai Nayak built the Pudhumandapam and Nayak’s Mahal. Mahal was the fusion of Dravidian, Islamic and European style.


• Mangammal Palace was built by Queen Mangammal at Madurai.


• The tower of Arunachaleswarar was completed by Achutappa at Thiruvannamalai. He also gave grants to Sri Ranganatha at Srirangam and Siva Temple at Rameswaram.


• AchyutaRamabhadra Nayak built Vishnu Temple at Tindivanam and encouraged Jains to built Jain temple at Sittamur.


In the field of Literature also, Nayaks made a marked contribution.


• Thirumalai Nayak wrote Chidambarapuranam.


• Paranjothiar wrote Chidambarapattial.


• IrusamayaVilakkam was written by Haridasa.


• Umarupulavar wrote Seerapuranam.


• Thiruvenkatam wrote MeyngnanaVilakkam.


Thus, literature flourished under Nayaks.


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