Explain the consequences of declaration of emergency in 1975.
The consequences of the emergency imposed in 1975 are:
a) Due to emergency, there was made arrests of several people and politicians on the ground that they may commit an offence. They were not even told the reason of being detained.
b) There was a practice known as press censorship that means newspapers were asked to get prior approval for all the material to be published.
c) Many political workers who were not arrested in the first wave went underground and started a protest against the government. Newspapers left the space blank for which the material went foe censorship. These letters were published in some newspapers as an open defiance.
d) Supreme Court over-ruling the High Court accepted the government’s plea which meant during Emergency the government could take away the citizen’s right of life and liberty.
e) Some magazines found themselves to shut down as a better option than to get themselves registered for censorship.
f) Kannada writer Shivarama Karanth, awarded with Padma Bhushan, and Hindi writer Fanishwarnath Renu, awarded with Padma Shri, returned their awards in protest against the suspension of democracy.
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Examine the major changes that the country witnessed at the time of fourth general election in 1967.
Why is emergency considered to be one of the most controversial episodes in Indian politics? Analyse any three reasons.Political Science - Board Papers
Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Janata Party made the 1977 elections into a referendum on the Emergency. Its election campaign was focused on the non-democratic character of the Congress rule and on the various excesses that took place during this period. In the backdrop of arrests of thousands of persons and the censorship of the Press, the public opinion was against the Congress.
(a) What is meant by ‘referendum’?
(b) ‘‘Acts like arrests of thousands of persons and the censorship of the Press during the Emergency period were non-democratic.’’ Do you agree with the statement? Justify your answer with one suitable argument for/against each act.
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How did the Janata Party make the 1977 elections into a referendum of the emergency imposed in 1975? Explain.Political Science - Board Papers
Match the following in column ‘A’ with those in column ‘B’ in a meaningful way: 2
Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’
(i) Head of the commission of enquiry (a) Chowdhary Charan Singh
(ii) Deputy Prime Minister of India from 1967 to 1969 (b) jagjiwan Ram
(iii) Deputy Prime Minister of India from 1977 to 1979 (c) J C Shah
(iv) Union Minister of India from 1952 to 1977 (d) Morar ji DesaiPolitical Science - Board Papers
Examine the conditions responsible for the growth of Naxalite Movement in India. Suggest ways and means to crush it?Political Science - Board Papers
Analyze any one reason for the defeat of the Congress Party in 1977.Political Science - Board Papers
Match the following:
Political Science - Board Papers