Answer :

The ecosystem has two components, biotic and abiotic.

Biotic component- this includes the living organisms like plants, animals, and human beings. The producers and consumers are included in this category.

Abiotic components – this includes the non-living, physical surroundings of the living organisms, such as air, water , soil, light, temperature, dead and decaying matter, etc. It interacts and supports the biotic components. It is further divide into two parts, (i) climatic factors such as air, water, light, etc.

(ii) Edaphic factors including the structure and composition of soil.

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