Q. 11

Explain the

Answer :

The new state of Andhra was the first state to have been formed along LINGUISTIC lines. The following events led to the creation of the state on 1 October 1953.

a) During the freedom struggle, the Congress had promised that the country would be divided into states along linguistic lines. However, after Independence, they were reluctant to divide the country as previously promised. They thought that such division would aggravate the sense of isolation and lack of community feeling among the country men.

b) This led to huge disappointments across South India. The Telugu speaking community of Madras Province protested the move fiercely. On his visit to the state, Nehru was welcomed with black flags proclaiming “WE WANT ANDHRA”, and several hartals and bandhs were organised.

c) In October 1952, a Gandhian named Potti Sriramulu went on a hunger strike to demand the formation of Telugu-speaking Andhra state. 58 days into his fast, Potti succumbed to low fluid pressures and died.

d) His death aggravated the angers of the Telugu speaking community, and Andhra was engulfed in a chaos. The government eventually gave intot heir demand for a separate state, which was created on 1 October, 1953.

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