Bangladesh was formerly a part of the Eastern Pakistan. But soon people resented the domination that came from the Eastern Pakistan especially with the imposition of Urdu language. The people started asking for more freedom and autonomy from the clutches of Eastern Pakistan as the Bengalis and their culture was given unfair treatment. The Awami League won the 1970 elections by securing all seats in East Pakistan and majority in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan. Large scale migrants came to India because of the suppression of movements by the Pakistani. Eventually a war started in 1971 which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh as a separate country.
The establishment of representative democracy based on multiparty system in Bangladesh was implemented by a draft in the constitution which declared their faith in secularism, democracy and socialism. Later they shifted from parliamentary to presidential form of Government in 1975 as Sheikh Mujib got the constitution amended. After his assassination in 1975 the new ruler Ziaur Rehman formed a new Bangladesh National Party. Again he was assassinated and Bangladesh was taken over by H.M. Ershad as the Lieutenant General. He allowed limited political operations only before he stepped down in 1990. In the 1991 elections, a democratic multi-party election was held and since then a democratic Government is functional in Bangladesh.
The Chinese economy rose due to a combination of several reasons which are as follows:
a. China was in a stage of political and economic isolation which it removed by establishing relations with the US in 1972.
b. In 1973, Premier Zhou Eulai proposed “four modernizations” that would bring advancements in the agriculture, industries, science, technology and military operations.
c. In 1978, under Deng Xiaoping, China adopted the ‘open door policy’ and made many reforms in their economy.
d. In 1992, China decided to privatise its agriculture while in 1998 it privatised the industries.
e. China strategically created special economic zones which helped them to a great extent in getting more foreign trade. Today, the most important place for foreign direct investment across the world is China.
f. In 2001, China took another major step with the World Trade Organisation that was to open further to the outside world.
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