Answer :

Islamic style of architecture began in the medieval period. This architecture was a mixture of Persian, Central Asian, Arabic and pre-Islamic Indian styles. The Muslim sultanates patronised this architecture.


Characteristics:


Islamic architecture is characterized by large and tall buildings.


The buildings were mostly symmetrical and had a courtyard.


Marbles were also used in construction.


There was usually a large space below a high dome.


The architecture involved skilled stone masonry work.


There was the use of columns and brackets and hypostyle halls.


Examples:


The Qutub Minar at Mehrauli in Delhi is the highest minaret in the world and is 73 meters in height. The construction was started by Qutubuddin Aibak, and it was completed by Iltutmish.


The Taj Mahal, the real beauty of the Islamic architecture was constructed by Shah Jahan, in memory of his wife, Mumtaj Mahal.


The Gol Gumbaz built at Bijapur in the 17th century is the burial site of Mohammed Adil Shah.


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